What does Title IX compliance look like?

April 1, 2007
A women's field hockey player

Jon Gardiner

Despite popular misperceptions, Title IX does not require colleges and universities to spend the same amount of money on men’s and women’s sports programs, nor does it require institutions to have the same number of men and women varsity athletes. To prove compliance with Title IX, colleges and universities must meet only one of three criteria:

  • The percentages of male and female athletes are substantially proportionate to the percentages of male and female students enrolled;
  • The institution has a history and continuing practice of expanding athletic opportunities for the underrepresented sex, be that male or female;
  • The institution fully and effectively accommodates the interests and abilities of the underrepresented sex.